When do I act?

Being prepared and understanding the situation will increase the effectiveness of your actions in an emergency. But deciding to act is crucial. It means being ready, willing, and able to help someone until emergency service arrives, or the crisis has passed. Action can mean anything from calling paramedics, applying direct pressure to a wound, performing CPR, or splinting an injury.
  NEVER perform a medical procedure if you are unsure of how to do it. Handling an emergency can be scary. We feel powerless and unable to help loved ones at a time when they need it most. But if we all take preventative measures and prepare for the worst, we can help defuse the effects of a medical emergency before they start.

How do I recognize an emergency?

Learn to recognize the difference between a minor crisis and a life-threatening emergency. For example, upper abdominal pain can be indigestion, ulcers, or an early sign of a heart attack. A toddler who falls in the yard unconscious may have tripped, or he could have been stung by an insect and having an allergic reaction. Not every cut needs stitches, nor does every burn require advanced medical treatment. 
    Part of handling an emergency is being able to evaluate warning signs and make a fast decision. But it’s always best to err on the side of caution. In an emergency, always call 9-1-1 or the local hospital for assistance.
When should you call an ambulance instead of driving to the emergency department? Ask yourself the following questions:

— Is the victim’s condition life-threatening?

— Could the victim’s condition worsen and become life-threatening on the way to the hospital?

— Could moving the victim need the skills or equipment of paramedics or emergency medical technicians?

— Would distance or traffic conditions cause a delay in getting the victim to the hospital?

— If the answer to any of these questions is yes, or if you are unsure, it’s best to call an ambulance.

How can I prepare for an emergency?

After doing everything you can to prevent a medical emergency, the next step is to prepare for one. While it may seem negative to prepare for the worst, preparation takes prevention one step further. It means that if an emergency does occur, you will be more prepared to handle it calmly, quickly, and effectively to minimize its impact. 
    Being prepared means keeping a list of emergency numbers by the phone. The police, fire department, poison control center, local hospital, ambulance service, and your family doctor’s office all should be included. Being prepared means making a list of all the medications you and your family take and their dosages. In an emergency, you might not be able to speak for yourself, so carry it with you. This list could help prevent serious drug interactions. 
    Also make a list of allergies, especially drug allergies or those with severe reactions. This list will help ensure the care you receive won’t make matters worse. Keep a well-stocked first-aid kit at home, at work, and in your car. A first-aid kit will help you handle medical situations…from minor shaving cuts, blisters from roller skating, and sunburns to sprains or severe cuts. 
    Take a first-aid class. A basic class will teach CPR and proper methods for treating burns, wrapping sprains, applying splints, and performing the Heimlich maneuver. First-aid classes also will help you learn how to remain calm and how to calm others in an emergency.

How a medical emergency can be prevented

Preventing medical emergencies means getting yearly doctor’s exams and regular exercise. Protect your health by determining whether you’re at risk for any life-threatening conditions, and follow your doctor’s suggestions to reduce any risk factors that can be dangerous to your health. For example, if you don’t smoke, don’t start. If you do smoke, quit. 
    We’re all busy, and there’s never enough time in the day, but is it easier to handle a heart attack in progress or to prevent it in the first place with regular exercise and visits to the doctor? If we don’t prevent now, we’ll pay later.

How is Asbestos Used?

Asbestos was mined and used commercially in North America beginning in the late 1800s. Its use increased greatly during World War II. Since then, it has been used in many industries. For example, the building and construction industry has used it for strengthening cement and plastics as well as for insulation, fireproofing, and sound absorption. The shipbuilding industry has used asbestos to insulate boilers, steampipes, and hot water pipes. The automotive industry uses asbestos in vehicle brakeshoes and clutch pads. More than 5,000 products contain or have contained asbestos. Some of them are listed below:

  • Asbestos cement sheet and pipe products used for water supply and sewage piping, roofing and siding, casings for electrical wires, fire protection material, electrical switchboards and components, and residential and industrial building materials;
  • Friction products, such as clutch facings, brake linings for automobiles, gaskets, and industrial friction materials;
  • Products containing asbestos paper, such as table pads and heat-protective mats, heat and electrical wire insulation, industrial filters for beverages, and underlying material for sheet flooring;
  • Asbestos textile products, such as packing components, roofing materials, and heat- and fire-resistant fabrics (including blankets and curtains); and
  • Other products, including ceiling and floor tile; gaskets and packings; paints, coatings, and adhesives; caulking and patching tape; artificial ashes and embers for use in gas-fired fireplaces; plastics; vermiculite-containing consumer garden products; and some talc-containing crayons.

In the late 1970s, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) banned the use of asbestos in wallboard patching compounds and gas fireplaces because the asbestos fibers in these products could be released into the environment during use. Additionally, asbestos was voluntarily withdrawn by manufacturers of electric hair dryers. In 1989, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) banned all new uses of asbestos; uses established prior to 1989 are still allowed. The EPA has established regulations that require school systems to inspect for damaged asbestos and to eliminate or reduce the exposure to occupants by removing the asbestos or encasing it. In June 2000, the CPSC concluded that the risk of children’s exposure to asbestos fibers in crayons was extremely low. However, the U.S. manufacturers of these crayons agreed to reformulate their products within a year. In August 2000, the EPA recommended that consumers reduce possible asbestos exposure from vermiculite-containing garden products by limiting the amount of dust produced during use. The EPA suggested that consumers use vermiculite outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; keep vermiculite damp while using it; avoid bringing dust from vermiculite use into the home on clothing; and use premixed potting soil, which is less likely to generate dust.

The regulations described above and other actions, coupled with widespread public concern about the hazards of asbestos, have resulted in a significant annual decline in U.S. use of asbestos: Domestic consumption of asbestos amounted to about 719,000 metric tons in 1973, but it had dropped to about 9,000 metric tons by 2002. Asbestos is currently used most frequently in gaskets and in roofing and friction products.

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How does smoking affect risk?

Many studies have shown that the combination of smoking and asbestos exposure is particularly hazardous causing diseases like mesotheloma cancer. Smokers who are also exposed to asbestos have a greatlyincreased risk of mesathelioma lung cancer. However, smoking combined with asbestos exposure does not appear to increase the risk of mesothilioma.

Asbestos is a hazardous disease but with the combination of smoking a person cant live too many years. Because smoking affects directly lungs and asbestos also creates some serious problems regarding lungs a person will fall ill immediately. Life span decreases deadly with these affects. Particularly the combination of these strengthens the effect of smoking on lungs.

There is evidence that quitting smoking will reduce the risk of lung cancer among asbestos-exposed workers. People who were exposed to asbestos on the job at any time during their life or who suspect they may have been exposed should not smoke. If they smoke, they should stop.

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Asbestos — How great is the risk?

Not all workers exposed to asbestos will develop diseases like mesotheloma cancer related to their exposure. The risk of developing asbestos-related mesathelioma diseases varies with the type of industry in which the exposure occurred and with the extent of the exposure. Asbestos that is bonded into finished products such as walls and tiles poses no risk to health as long as it is not damaged or disturbed (for example, by sawing or drilling) in such a way as to release fibers into the air. When asbestos fibers are set free and inhaled, however, exposed individuals are at risk of developing an asbestos-related diseases like mesothilioma cancer or mesotheleoma lung cancer.

In addition, different types of asbestos fibers may be associated with different health risks. For example, results of several studies suggest that amphibole forms of asbestos may be more harmful than chrysotile, particularly for mesotheloma. Even so, no fiber type can be considered harmless, and people working with asbestos should always take proper safety precautions to limit exposure.

People affected with asbestos diseases (mesathelioma cancer) feel risk aversions and they transfers those asbestos disease (mesothilioma cancer) to the nearers. By the way asbestos disease keep on increasing. Children fall into risk factors because of this transfering of asbestos disease.

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Asbestos Workers Protection

Employers are required to follow regulations dealing with asbestos exposure on the job that have been issued by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the Federal agency responsible for health and safety regulations in maritime, construction, manufacturing, and service workplaces. The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) enforces regulations related to mine safety. Workers should use all protective equipment provided by their employers and follow recommended work practices and safety procedures. For example, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-approved respirators that fit properly should be worn by workers when required.

Workers who are concerned about asbestos exposure in the workplace should discuss the situation with other employees, their employee health and safety representative, and their employers. If necessary, OSHA can provide more information or make an inspection. Regional offices of OSHA are listed in the “United States Government” section of telephone directories’ blue pages (under “Department of Labor”). Regional offices can also be located at http://www.osha-slc.gov/html/RAmap.html  on the Internet, or by contacting OSHA’s national office at:

Organization:Office of Public Affairs 
Occupational Safety and Health Administration 
U.S. Department of Labor 
Address:Room N–3647 
200 Constitution Avenue, NW.
Washington, DC 20210 
Telephone:202–693–1999
1–800–321–6742 (1–800–321–OSHA) 
TTY (for deaf or hard of hearing callers):1–877–889–5627
Internet Web site:http://www.osha.gov/as/opa/worker/index.html  (Worker’s Page)

Mine workers may contact:

Organization:Office of Information and Public Affairs Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) 
U.S. Department of Labor
Address:23rd Floor 
1100 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22209–3939
Telephone:202–693–9400
Internet Web site:http://www.msha.gov 

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is another Federal agency that is concerned with asbestos exposure in the workplace. The Institute conducts asbestos-related research, evaluates work sites for possible health hazards, and makes exposure control recommendations. In addition, NIOSH distributes publications on the health effects of asbestos exposure and can suggest additional sources of information. NIOSH can be contacted at:

Organization:Information Resources Branch
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) 
Address:Robert A. Taft Laboratories
Mailstop C–18
4676 Columbia Parkway
Cincinnati, OH 45226–1998
Telephone:1–800–356–4674 (1–800–35–NIOSH)
E-mail:pubstaft@cdc.gov 
Internet Web site:http://www.cdc.gov/niosh 

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Sources of National Cancer Institute Information

mesothelioma-asbestos-cancer-info is dedicated to mesotheleoma cancer researchers and to all other who affected with mesotheloma cancer. Before the internet mesothilioma is not known to everyone because of the lack of communication and transfer of messages. Now medical information about mesathelioma cancer disease is known to all. Initially there is only one reason that causes mesotheloma cancer disease is due to exposure of asbestos fibers. Even though employees are aware of asbestos and even they take protection against asbestos they will get affected because of the light weight molecules carried by the air into their body.

In order to keep maintain distance from asbestos the workers should be more aware of protection steps. Use of materials like vermiculite which contains asbestos causes dangerous diseases. Asbestos protection steps is essential to everyone because asbestos doesnt effect only people work with it but also affects who are nearer to them.

Other sources of asbestos information

The organizations listed below can provide more information about asbestos exposure which causes mesotheloma diseases.

The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) is responsible for preventing exposure, adverse human health effects, and diminished quality of lifeassociated with exposure to hazardous substances from waste sites, unplanned releases, and other sources of pollution present in the environment. The ATSDR provides information about asbestos and where to find occupational and environmental health clinics. The ATSDR Information Center can be reached at:

Organization:Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Division of Toxicology
Address:Mailstop E–29
1600 Clifton Road, NE. 
Atlanta, GA 30333
Telephone:404–498–0160
1–888–422–8737 (1–888–42–ATSDR)
E-mail:ATSDRIC@cdc.gov 
Internet Web site:http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov 

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)regulates the general public’s exposure to asbestos in buildings, drinking water, and the environment to control mesathelioma related diseases. The EPA’s Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Assistance Information Service, or TSCA Hotline, can answer questions about toxic substances, including asbestos. Printed material is available on a number of topics, particularly on controlling asbestos exposure in schools and other buildings to prevent mesothilioma cancer diseases. The EPA’s Asbestos and Vermiculite Home Page has suggestions for homeowners who suspect asbestos in their homes, lists laws and regulations applicable to asbestos, and links to the Agency’s findings on asbestos exposure at the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Questions may be directed to:

Organization:TSCA Assistance Information Service 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 
Address:Mailcode 74080
401 M Street, SW.
Washington, DC 20460
Telephone:202–554–1404
TDD:202–554–0551
E-mail:tsca-hotline@epa.gov 
Internet Web site:http://www.epa.gov/asbestos/ 

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)is responsible for the regulation of asbestos in consumer products. The CPSC maintains a toll-free information line on the potential hazards of commercial products; the telephone number is 1–800–638–2772. In addition, CPSC provides information about laboratories for asbestos testing, guidelines for repairing and removing asbestos, and general information about asbestos in the home. Publications are available from:

Organization:Office of Information and Public Affairs 
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
Address:4330 East-West Highway
Bethesda, MD 20814–4408 
Telephone:1–800–638–2772
TTY (for deaf or hard of hearing callers):1–800–638–8270
E-mail:info@cpsc.gov 
Internet Web site:http://www.cpsc.gov 

Information about asbestos is also available from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Web site at http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2001pres/20010916a.htmlon the Internet. In addition, people can contact their local community or state health or environmental quality department with questions or concerns about asbestos.

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Nonoccupational Exposure

Asbestos is so widely used that the entire population has been exposed to some degree causing mesotheloma diseases. Air, drinking water, and a variety of consumer products all may contain small amounts of asbestos causing mesathelioma cancer. In addition, asbestos fibers are released into the environment from natural deposits in the earth and as a result of wear and deterioration of asbestos products. Disease is unlikely to result from a single, high-level exposure, or from a short period of exposure to lower levels of asbestos.

People automatically affected with diseases like mesothilioma asbestos cancer, mesotheleoma asbestos lungs cancer, asbestos colon etc. Since most of the people are not aware of the asbestos and diseases caused because of the usage of asbestos these diseases are not controlling. Children are affected with dangerous diseases like mesotheleoma cancer and lung problems because of the unawareness of the asbestos effects. But cancer is not caused by asbestos.

Here are some suspected items that contains asbestos — cement products, electrical material, insulations and many more. However all the above mentioned materials and products may not be asbestos sources but only the suspects. And our main theme is to get people aware of what is asbestos and mesothilioma asbestos diseases.

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